Performance-enhancing drugs, or PED, are substances used to improve performance in any form of activity. They usually work by causing the body to build more muscles or by limiting muscle fatigue. They are mostly Anabolic Steroids, synthetic versions of the male hormone Testosterone. There are also non-steroidal PEDs. A common example is Ibuprofen, a painkiller that can be bought without a prescription at medical stores. It limits the inflammation associated with physical exercise.
Any sportsperson competing in national or international events can be asked to give his/her blood and/or urine samples at any point of time by anti-doping agency or sports events committee during the event. Testing can be conducted in-competition and out-of-competition. Usually athletes who bag the finishing positions are tested. In addition, agency can randomly test any accredited athlete, even when not participating in an event.
There is no blanket ban on using dietary supplements or nutrients. But there has been several instances of dietary supplements containing prohibited substances but are not declared by the manufacturer.
Here we discuss some negative effects of blood doping-
Side Effects of Blood Doping:
- Increased blood viscosity.
- Clotting susceptibility.
- Kidney dysfunction.
- Risk of cardiac arrest, brain stroke and pulmonary embolism.
With all this information there has been many athletes also whose performance has been banned because of doping also. Instead these days we have many alternatives for the same as well.